PEOPLE in Bahrain should join hands with the government to combat global warming, an environment expert has urged. Climate change, which is one of the most important and complex challenges facing humanity in the 21st century, had profound implications for human development, said Rehan Ahmed, senior environmental specialist at the Public Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment and Wildlife.
He was speaking at a seminar on climate change and environmental protection, organised by the Institution of Engineers Pakistan-Bahrain Chapter (IEP-BC), in co-operation with the Bahrain Society of Engineers (BSE).
About 200 people attended the seminar at the BSE auditorium in Juffair.
"Climate change is now one of the most serious global threats to our environment, economies and human lives," said Mr Ahmed.
"Climate change refers to global changes in temperature, wind patterns and rainfall causing changes mainly in weather, agricultural
production and fresh water availability.
"Climate change is mainly happening due to global warming, which is turn is caused due to the excessive release of Green House Gases (GHG)."
To meet with the global challenges, concerted efforts by all individuals needs to be made, said Mr Ahmed.
"The NGOs have also a gigantic task in working with communities and people and making them understand the consequences of GHG, global warming and climate change."
Mr Ahmed suggested the following actions:
* Minimum use of electrical appliances
* Turning off the equipment when not in use
* Using recycled goods , reusing items till their optimum life
* Switching to energy efficient household technologies such as low flow showerheads, fluorescent lights, energy efficient appliances, ventilators, and high efficiency natural gas furnaces while, promoting these at the workplace
* Wearing sweaters in winter and using fans in summer to minimise use of heaters and ACs
* Buying locally grown food and material to cut down on un-necessary imports and shipping
* Walking, riding the bike, using public transportation or car-pooling
* Conserving water, fuel and energy
* Using environmental friendly cleaning agents
* Avoiding using extra paper
The World Energy Council reported that global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from burning fossil fuels rose 12 per cent in African countries between 1990 and 1995 which was 35pc in Middle East.
It was also assessed that the increase from developing countries was three times more than the developed countries.
The CO2 emissions per capita have also risen dramatically. It was 1.1 in Africa, 2.4 in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2.6 in the Asia and Pacific, 7.2 in West Asia, 8.3 in Europe and 19.8 in North America.
The Gulf region is one of the lowest emitter of carbon at 2.4pc). However, the relatively low population and intensive hydrocarbon industries make it on the top list of carbon emissions per capita in the world.
According to World Resources Institute, Qatar tops the world list with 60 tonnes of CO2 followed by Kuwait on 27, UAE on 25, Bahrain on 21, Saudi Arabia on 11 on the list with 13.5 tonnes of CO2.